Signs and symptoms

Autonomic Dysreflexia

Signs and symptoms of AD

Autonomic_dysreflexia5aThe signs of AD can include (One or more of the following may be present):

  • Hypertension (fast increase in blood pressure) a rise of 20 – 40 mmHg above the baseline systolic measurement in an adult or a blood pressure above 150 mmHg
  • Pounding headache – Any headache in an adult with a SCI lesion of T6 or above should be investigated for AD
  • Flushed cheeks, neck, shoulders
  • Blurred vision
  • Sweating above the level of the spinal injury
  • Nasal congestion (stuffy nose)
  • Upset stomach, feels like you need to be sick
  • Slow pulse (bradycardia), lower than 60 beats per minute
  • Tingling/pins and needles
  • Goose bumps above or below the level of the spinal injury
  • Feeling anxious, worried or scared
  • Chills without fever
  • Clammy or cold and sweaty
  • Cool to the touch
  • Pale
  • Increase in spasm
  • Cardiac Arrhythmias

Last updated: May 2020